The year of 1959 was a busy one for L. Ron Hubbard. He defined the duties in various Scientology churches and delivered 16 lectures on auditing refinements in Washington, DC.
In March, he began negotiations to purchase Saint Hill Manor in Sussex, England which, would be his home for the next seven years.
In May, with negotiations completed, L. Ron Hubbard moved his residence to the 55-acre estate. The worldwide headquarters of Scientology was then moved to Saint Hill shortly after.
During this time, Mr. Hubbard began another line of research involving different orders of life. In his Saint Hill greenhouses, he conducted horticultural experiments that brought about significant increases in plant growth. His discoveries were written published in international horticultural magazines and received extensive coverage in daily newspapers.
After the first E-Meter designed and built to his exact specifications was produced, he began an around-the-world trip on 16 October. He traveled to Greece, India, Melbourne, Hawaii, San Francisco, and New York before arriving back at Saint Hill in the first week of December.
While in Melbourne, he delivered 38 lectures. While in the United States, he wrote and issued an organizing board for American Scientology Churches, which showed what functions were done, the order in which they should be done, and who was responsible for getting them done.
Upon his return to England, L. Ron Hubbard appeared on BBC television to discuss his horticultural experiments. Shortly afterward, he traveled to Washington, DC.
In all, he gave 102 lectures during this year and produced the groundbreaking Scientology Axioms and Logics.
Success Congress: January 1959
Here is the Congress which provided the final chapter on all development to date and the beginning of an entirely new era! For with all the discoveries the past year had brought—in terms of clearing—they had now culminated in a breakthrough for planetary expansion. First, L. Ron Hubbard reveals the single reactive postulate at the core of planetary apathy, “there is nothing I can do about it.” Yet that postulate doesn’t stand a chance—not with what he next discovered. Stemming from the pervasive datum, “the confusionsaren’t and order is,” came the discovery of the senior ability of a thetan. In fact, once a being reaches the top of the scale, it’s the onlything they can do. It’s a datum that provides the answer of how an individual can consecutively and continuously bring wider order that spreads like a wave over the world. And that’s the substance of why Mr. Hubbard began this Congress where they usually ended: The Future of Scientology. For by the final, and now legendary lecture, he had provided the means to attain that rarest of qualities, yet one inherent in every Scientologist, and required for a new civilization: Leadership.
21st Advanced Clinical Course: January - February 1959
At the Success Congress, L. Ron Hubbard revealed discoveries about the senior ability of a thetan to bring order and, hence, provide leadership. None embody those qualities more than the auditor—and thus the 21st American ACC signaled a new phase. Vastly expanding the reach of a single professional auditor, Mr. Hubbard taught the breakthrough of Muzzled Auditing—cracking the barriers posed by the inexperience of co‑auditing teams and permitting anyone to engage in clearing under professional supervision. And with Confront and Training Drills (TRs) as the first vital step, he released coaching technology to cut through all confusions. Then, detailing the application in Muzzled Auditing of specific processes—Selected Person Overts, General Overts, Not‑Is Straightwire and ARC Break Straightwire—he told auditors, “By running these processes on an individual and getting an individual to run these processes, we wind up with an auditor with judgment, with intelligence, with the ability to reach and with his obsessive not‑is gone—which permits him to grant a little beingness.” Here, then, are the technical and administrative solutions to put entire populations in session, laying the groundwork for what L. Ron Hubbard next revealed—an actual formula to accomplish a Cleared Earth.
Special Professional Auditors Course: April 1959
Theta Clear Congress: July 1959
An experiment that riveted the world: Eighteen-foot tomato plants and cucumbers the size of watermelons made global headlines. But what those newspapers knew wasn’t even half of the epic saga surrounding L. Ron Hubbard’s greenhouse plant experiments, and a breakthrough concerning life itself: how the fundamental postulates of survive and succumb interplay in life and result in the game called “victim.” In the wake of that breakthrough came further discoveries revealing the basic reasons for a being’s postulates of self-destruction, and their solution—Communication Processes sweeping the track clean of core aberrations. Moreover, here’s where application took on a fully massive dimension with the announcement of a new type of auditing enabling one auditor to handle hundreds, or even thousands of preclears at a time. It’s the means to broad scale clearing and planetary salvation. And yet, no matter the magnitude of these developments, standing behind them was something far greater. For here is the historic Congress where Mr. Hubbard first announced the acquisition of the most famous address in Scientology: Saint Hill Manor, East Grinstead, Sussex, England.
The Melbourne Congress: Early November 1959
With auditor training courses standardized, clearing technology in broad use and a central dissemination center now established at Saint Hill, L. Ron Hubbard embarked on a round-the-world tour to now ensure the stability of all Scientology organizations. But that tour was only a small steppingstone towards a far grander destination he’d set his sights upon: Operating Thetan. And that’s why his first stop was Australia as the necessary base in the Southern Hemisphere, far away from the potential fallout of East and West warmongers. Here, then, is his message to Australian Scientologists on a responsibility they hold to this day as a last safe harbor. Here, too, is his deeply personal story of how he first forged a bond with Australia when serving as a US Naval Officer through the Second World War. But while that was, of course, present-life history, it became fully whole track as Mr. Hubbard next made his first public announcement of Recent Developments on OT. And drawing from the whole tangled history of thetans, he reveals the mechanism of how deep-seated aberration reverses the cycle-of-action in a being—moving one from “create” to “destroy.” Moreover, he had found the answer and it was summed up in a single word: Responsibility. It was a breakthrough that would open the gateway to OT, and here is where it first began.
First Melbourne ACC - Responsibility and the State of OT: November 1959
Following a massive Congress at which he imparted a special message to Australian Scientologists on their unique responsibility for Scientology, L. Ron Hubbard rolled out something of even greater moment on the 1st Melbourne ACC. For with several routes mapped to Clear, he returned to that higher goal of Operating Thetan whose potentials he charted in The Philadelphia Doctorate Course and Scientology 8‑8008. Drawing on subsequent discoveries, he had not only uncovered the primary obstacle to OT attainment—indeed, to any case gain—but had shattered that barrier with the technology of Overts and Withholds, enabling any being to achieve the central component in case progress—Responsibility. From the road to OT and how it depends on the shifting of valences, to the anatomy and handling of individuation, and from the relationship between withholds and an apparency of “no bank,” to the universe of a thetan, here is the technology that opened the gates to ascending levels of spiritual freedom and, ultimately, OT itself. As to what these discoveries foretold, Mr. Hubbard declared, “With the 1st Melbourne ACC, we begin a new era in Scientology—greater, broader and more successful than anything we have experienced before.”